11th Annual Utah Snow & Avalanche Workshop Open and Motorized Sessions Oct. 27th.
Observation Date: 
Observer Name: 
Greg Gagne with Tom Flaherty
Location Name or Route: 
West Bowl of Silver Fork
Wind Direction: 
Wind Speed: 
Weather Comments: 
Increasing high clouds with a beautiful sun dog sky in the early afternoon.
Snow Characteristics
New Snow Depth: 
New Snow Density: 
Snow Surface Conditions: 
Wind Crust
Snow Characteristics Comments: 

Dense & surfy ski and travel conditions. Shallow ski pens (10 cms/4") Very difficult to determine snow amounts given how much wind had scoured and filled in terrain.  HS 75-100 cms (2.5 - 3.5')

Red Flags
Red Flags: 
Recent Avalanches
Wind Loading
Poor Snowpack Structure
Avalanche Problem #1
Persistent Weak Layer
Increasing Danger
Problem #1 Comments: 

Weaker, faceted layers are now down at least ~45 cms (18") and deeper where the slope has been wind loaded. Full propagation with extended columns between 10 and 15 taps failing on faceted layers deeper in the snowpack.

Will call for increasing danger with more snow and wind in the forecast.

Avalanche Problem #2
Wind Drifted Snow
Increasing Danger
Problem #2 Comments: 

Still getting lots of cracking in recent wind drifts. These are 1F or P hard.

Increasing danger with more wind forecasted for Christmas Day.


Weakest layers on Saturday were either a density inversion in the storm snow, or at the interface with the Wednesday storm. The storm slab weaknesses have settled out in the past 24 hours (these often settle out quickly) and although I did get one shear failure at the storm snow interface, today's stability tests were failing in faceted snow underneath the small Wednesday storm. These were full propagation, failing between 10 and 15 taps and Q1/SC or Q2/RP. Down ~45 cms (18")

With storm snow instabilities settling out, the deeper faceted layers were the weakest layers in the snowpack today. If we get decent water amounts (> .5") or wind loading overnight, am thinking avalanching will occur in these deeper faceted layers. With a deeper snowpack and slab on top, slopes are well-connected and avalanches may propagate widely.

Video showing one extended column on North aspect at 10,400'. ECTP15 failing down 45 cms (18") on a layer of facets. Of the extended column tests we performed, this was the least impressive with the least energy. 


Cracking on a wind-loaded slope on a steeper roll-over.  

Conditions were clearly more stable than Saturday, and numerous tracks on steeper slopes in the backcountry. But persistent weak layers are notorious in conditions like this as the slab on top gains strength many people can ride slopes with no avalanching .... until someone finds a sweet spot.

Considerable hazard, but not widespread indications of instability - the type of conditions when accidents often occur.

Today's Observed Danger Rating: 
Tomorrows Estimated Danger Rating: 
Snow Profile Coordinates: 

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