The best way to learn about avalanches and how to avoid them is to take an avalanche class from a qualified instructor.  You can get a good introduction to understanding about avalanches, though, by studying avalanche articles, books, and videos.  It's also important to keep your skills current and the following resources provide a great way to to brush up on skills and keep up with the latest technology, theory, and professional practice.


These are four of the best books to get you started and to re-read every winter:

Snow Sense: A Guide to Evaluating Snow Avalanche Hazard, by Jill Fredston and Doug Fesler

​Avalanche Essentials: A Step by Step System for Safety and Survival, by Bruce Tremper

Allen & Mike's Avalanche Book: A Guide to Staying Safe in Avalanche Terrain, by Allen O'Bannon and Mike Clelland

Staying Alive in Avalanche Terrain, by Bruce Tremper


A great collection of avalanche articles can be found at Avalanche.org:  http://www.avalanche.org/moonstone/


Web Tutorials

New Zealand Online Avalanche Course This is a great collection of photos, videos, and text that walks you through the basics of traveling in avalanche terrain, covering (quickly) all the topics that you'd encounter in an avalanche class.  It includes an interactive game in which you can test your ability to make navigation choices in complex terrain. Be aware that this is for a Southern Hemisphere audience, so flip South and North Aspects in your head as you watch this north of the equator.
Throttle Decisions This is a Canadian video series intended to show motorized users what they need to know to get out, have fun, and stay alive in avalanche terrain.  Get a comfortable place to sit, grab some refreshments, and be prepared to think about where you go and how you ride and make decisions.
BCA Education Series Backcountry Access has produced a series of videos with topics like Planning your tour, Avalanche issues for snowmobilers, the the proper use of your transceiver, probe, and shovel, etc.
How to Read the Advisory The avalanche advisory is designed for people who have taken a Level 1 avalanche class.  For those without much formal avalanche education, this is a quick tutorial on the basics of the avalanche advisory.
Avalanche Danger Ratings We use a 5-point danger rating system, which is a standardized international scale.  Did you know that most fatalities occur in the middle level of Considerable or that the scale is not linear?  Well, read on.
Avalanche Watches and Warnings Confused about Watches and Warnings?  You're not alone.  Here is a quick tutorial.
Route Finding Exercise This is an online exercise where you practice route finding by drawing the route with your mouse.
Avalanche Problem Toolbox There are a number of different kinds of avalanches.  Each one is very different--how they are created, where you find them, how to recognize, how to manage and how long they last.
Avalanche.org Overview of simple steps to take to understand avalanches and how to avoid them
Avalanche Canada Online Avalanche Course Multiple chapters introducing the basics of recreational avalanche safety. Understanding the principles of avalanche formation, and ultimately avalanche types, is the foundation for understanding avalanche danger.

International Association of Snowmobile Administrators

A collection of avalanche educational products created especially for the snowmobile community

Video Tutorials