Accident: Smith-Moorehouse

Observer Name
Craig Gordon/Trent Meisenheimer
Observation Date
Thursday, January 12, 2017
Occurrence Date
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Occurence Time
Afternoon

Region:

Location Name or Route
Smith-Moorehouse
Elevation
9400
Aspect
East
Slope Angle
37
Trigger
Snowboarder
Avalanche Type
Hard Slab
Weak Layer
Facets
Depth
4'
Width
300
Vertical
800
Carried
2
Caught
2
Buried - Partly
1
Buried - Fully
1
Injured
1
Accident and Rescue Summary

Eleven snowboarders rented a private snowcat with the intent of riding in backcountry terrain. After a morning of riding a few laps without any signs of instability, the group decided to push it a little higher in elevation and further to the south. When they got to their new location, they began to assess the slope. The group was divided in their feelings about the slope, particularly because it was a little steeper. With this in mind, they positioned a few riders in safe locations in case of an avalanche. 

One rider (it is unknown whether he was the first on the slope or not) decided to jump off a small cliff at the top of the hill. Upon landing, he triggered the avalanche, catching him and one other rider from the group. One of the riders suffered tibia and fibula fractures from hitting trees on the way down the slope, while the other rider was fully buried. Unfortunately, the rider who was fully buried had turned his beacon off earlier in the day because of low batteries. After the dust cleared, the other group members quickly realized that one person was buried. They desperately searched the avalanche debris, and were unable to find a transceiver signal. Eventually, they saw a board sticking out of the snow; the buried rider had decided to pow-surf the run, rather than snowboard. The group was able to use his leash to find him beneath the snow and dig him out quickly. The buried rider didn’t suffer any injuries.

The crew helped the injured rider down the mountain and into the snowcat, which immediately took off towards the trailhead. Around 5:00 pm, the snowcat was approximately 2.3 miles from the trailhead when it suddenly broke down. They had no cellphone service and could not get the snowcat working properly, so two members of the group ran 2.3 miles back to the Smith Moorehouse trailhead, got in their trucks, and drove to Kamas where they notified Search & Rescue. A medical helicopter was then dispatched and the injured rider was airlifted to the hospital. 

Terrain Summary

 

 The starting zone consists of a steep, rocky ridge, with a small hanging bowl that dumps into a once tightly treed runout. Image above is looking downslope from where the rider jumped off a small rock feature.


A closer look at the shallow snow that barely covered the small rock band where the slide was initially triggered.

This mid-slope breakover enabled the slide to quickly accelerate. In the distance you can clearly see two distinct layers in the avalanche. The first layer is the storm snow from the evening of Tuesday Jan. 17th which once initiated, broke deeper into the pack on a thin layer of small grained facets formed just before the New Year.

Weather Conditions and History

 Wow... a truly remarkable amount of water weight was added to our snowpack. No matter how strong the existing pack was, even the slightest weakness will reveal its cards under this kind of load.


Wind data from nearby Windy Peak clearly shows the perfect pattern for creating a dense, cohesive, and well connected slab.

Comments

Avalanche danger for the day of the accident.

 

Comments

The image below is a snow-pit profile done at the crown of the avalanche. We found that the avalanche failed on a thin layer of faceted snow that was sitting just above a crust in the mid-portion of the snowpack.

Video
Coordinates